Round winter window

-What to chose: not to be seen because you don’t have a name, or because you do have a name?
(Myriam vandenberghe)

this page can take a few moments to download...♦

[Start] [Omhoog] [Isolda Hermes da Fonseca] [nature paintings of Myriam Vandenberghe and van Chapman] [portraits] [natural gardens by Myriam and Carl Vandenberghe] [Voice of eternal love-musical project]


Philosophic Community









Philosophic Community

What I try to say to this Muslim,

 (even if he denies all evident violence in his holy book,) is this:

 One does not clear someone’s consciousness,
nor brings order to someone’s thoughts
 by cutting off his head. 


Open letter for world peace                                        


Any reasonable person can see it is a tragic anecdote

to think that God is on one's side alone, not in the side of justice, of love.


When a Muslim talks of God, do they mean the father of the Muslims alone,

 the writer of the Koran?


Will a Jew think God to be  the father of the Jews alone, the God of 'an eye for an eye'?


 What is the reason of the seemingly endless conflict between Judaism and Islam?

It is that in their holy books, both have the same primitive minded idea

 that their people is the chosen ones and God himself  would take them towards a military victory

over their enemies.


So was the belief in the saga of the first Jews, and so was the belief in the saga

of Mohammed and the first Muslims.


It is comic and tragic to imagine a God saying both to Jews and Muslims,

who stand in opposition, that He would help them win victory over their enemy,

and send them to annihilate each other- until the Day of  Judgement!!!!



 Only a very narrow mind and vision cannot see the absurdity of this.


Until today the Muslim Sunnis and Muslim Shiites,

(as we see daily in the news ), all believing in the same Koran,

have  fallen victims of this tragic comedy, because they judge themselves as believers

 and the others to be the unbelievers, and because violence is justified towards the unbeliever

somewhere in their holy book, as a way to solve their philosophical differences.


How could a father or mother of all humans (who you might call God),

send  his children, brothers against brothers, to rob land from each other through

torture and killing like in the sagas of the Old Testament and the history of Mohammed?


 This idea of a God of Compassion helping you in a bloody military victory

is absent to a Buddhist or a true Christian, or a truly spiritual mind.


The beasts do that all the time, fight for territory. There is nothing holy in that.


As I wrote before, to me there is no holy land won by the supremacy of physical material power.

No Mecca, no Jerusalem.



What destroys men and the Bible and the Koran and any religion is vanity and love for power.


In name of righteousness, in name of God, the unwise, the spiritually blind

 commit genocides, destroy their own human brothers,

 perpetuating hate and pain and devastation of war between humans on earth.


The victory of truth and justice over falseness is the victory of love, cooperation and understanding,

 over egoistic irrationality and hateful violence.



The victory of truth is won through love and reason alone.

True angels do not destroy men through violence,

 but the falseness in man.

The only enemy of man is his own proud arrogance or pride and love of power

and it  is not trough military victory over others

but through self awareness that victory over ourselves is won.

Light and peace to you my friend.

Wishing all the best in life to you,

van Chapman


Drawing by van Chapman  published in a news paper in Norway.

This letter might help to understand the source of terrorism.*
The following has originally been written by people of Islamic background,
 and sent forward by a Buddhist Lama:

Dearest Friends,
There is a tendency to judge all people of Muslim origin these days.

 But here is an example of some who are wonderfully different. Their courage should be cherished.
 They risk their lives bringing information like this. May their wishes for a free world be accomplished.


 Call to the Muslims of the World
from a Group of Freethinkers
and Humanists of Muslim Origins


Dear friends,
 The tragic incidents of September 11 have shocked the world. It is
unthinkable that anyone could be so full of hate as to commit such
heinous acts and kill so many innocent people. We people of Muslim origin
are as much shaken as the rest of the world and yet we find ourselves
looked upon with suspicion and distrust by our neighbours and fellow
citizens. We want to cry out and tell the world that we are not
terrorists, and that those who perpetrate such despicable acts are
murderers and not part of us. But, in reality, because of our Muslim
origins we just cannot erase the "stigma of Islamic Terrorism" from our
 What most Muslims will say: "Islam would never support the killing of
innocent people. Allah of the Holy Qur'an never advocated killings. This
is all the work of a few misguided individuals at the fringes of society.
The real Islam is sanctified from violence. We denounce all violence.
Islam means peace. Islam means tolerance."
 That is what most Muslims think, but is it true? Does Islam really preach
peace, tolerance and non-violence?
The Muslims who perpetrate these crimes think differently.
They believe that what they do is Jihad (holy war).
 They say that killing unbelievers is mandatory for every Muslim.
 They do not kill because they wish to break the laws of Islam but because
they think this is what true Muslims should do. Those who blow-up their
own bodies to kill more innocent people do so because they think they
will be rewarded in Paradise. They hope to be blessed by Allah, eat
celestial food, drink pure wine and enjoy the company of divine consorts.
 Are they completely misguided? Where did they get this distorted idea?
 How did they come to believe that killing innocent people pleases God?
Or is it that we are misguided?
  Does really Islam preach violence? Does it
call upon its believers to kill non-believers?
 We denounce those who commit acts of violence and call them extremists.
But are they really extremists or are they following what the holy book,
the Qur'an tells them to do?
What does the Qur'an teach? Have we read the Qur'an? Do we
know what kind of teachings are there? Let us go through some of them
and take a closer look at what Allah says.
 What the Qur'an Teaches Us: We have used the most widely available
English text of the Qur'an and readers are welcome to verify our quotes
from the holy book. Please have an open mind and read through these
verses again and again. The following quotes are taken from the most
trusted Yusufali's translation of the Qur'an.
 The Qur'an tells us: "not to make friendship with Jews and Christians"
(5:51), "kill the disbelievers wherever we find them" (2:191), "murder
them and treat them harshly" (9:123), "fight and slay the Pagans, seize
them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem" (9:5).
The Qur'an demands that we fight the unbelievers, and promises "If there
are twenty amongst you, you will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, you
will vanquish a thousand of them" (8:65) Allah and his messenger want us
to fight the Christians and the Jews "until they pay the Jizya [a penalty
tax for the non-Muslims living under Islamic rules] with willing
submission, and feel themselves subdued (9:29). "
 Allah and his messenger announce that it is acceptable to go back on our
promises (treaties) and obligations with Pagans and make war on them
whenever we find ourselves strong enough to do so (9:3). Our God tells us
to "fight the unbelievers" and "He will punish them by our hands, cover
them with shame and help us (to victory) over them" (9:14).
 The Qur'an takes away the freedom of belief from all humanity and
relegates those who disbelieve in Islam to hell (5:10), calls them najis
(filthy, untouchable, impure) (9:28), and orders its followers to fight
the unbelievers until no other religion except Islam is left (2:193). It
says that the "non-believers will go to hell and will drink boiling
water" (14:17). It asks the Muslims to "slay or crucify or cut the hands
and feet of the unbelievers, that they be expelled from the land with
disgrace and that they shall have a great punishment in world hereafter"
(5:34). And tells us that "for them (the unbelievers) garments of fire
shall be cut and there shall be poured over their heads boiling water
whereby whatever is in their bowels and skin shall be dissolved and they
will be punished with hooked iron rods" (22:19-22) and that they not only
will have "disgrace in this life, but on the Day of Judgment He shall
make them taste the Penalty of burning (Fire)" (22:9).
 The Qur'an says that "those who invoke a god other than Allah not only
should meet punishment in this world but the Penalty on the Day of
Judgment will be doubled to them, and they will dwell therein in
ignominy" (25:68). For those who "believe not in Allah and His Messenger,
He has prepared, for those who reject Allah, a Blazing Fire!" (48:13).
Although we are asked to be compassionate amongst each other, we have to
be "harsh with unbelievers", our Christian, Jewish and Atheist neighbours
and colleagues (48:29). As for him who does not believe in Islam, the
Prophet announces with a "stern command": "Seize ye him, and bind ye
him, And burn ye him in the Blazing Fire. Further, make him march in a
chain, whereof the length is seventy cubits! This was he that would not believe
in Allah Most High. And would not encourage the feeding of the indigent!
So no friend hath he here this Day. Nor hath he any food except the
corruption from the washing of wounds, Which none do eat but those in
sin." (69:30-37)
 The Qur'an prohibits a Muslim from befriending a non-believer even if
that non-believer is the father or the brother of that Muslim (9:23),
(3:28). Our holy book asks us to be disobedient towards the disbelievers
 and their governments and strive against the unbelievers with great
endeavour (25:52) and be stern with them because they belong to Hell
(66:9). The holy Prophet prescribes fighting for us and tells us that "it
is good for us even if we dislike it (2:216). Then he advises us to
"strike" off the heads of the disbelievers; and after making a "wide
slaughter among them, carefully tie up the remaining captives" (47:4).
Our God has promised to "instil terror into the hearts of the
unbelievers" and has ordered us to smite above their necks and smite all
their finger-tips off them (8:12). He also assures us that when we kill
in his name "it is not us who slay them but Allah, in order that He might
test the Believers by a gracious trial from Himself" (8:17). He orders us
"to strike terror into the hearts of the enemies" (8:60). He has made the
Jihad mandatory and warns us that "Unless we go forth, (for Jihad) He
will punish us with a grievous penalty, and put others in our place
(9:39). Allah speaks to our Holy Prophet and says "O Prophet! strive hard
against the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern against them.
Their abode is Hell - an evil refuge indeed " (9:73).
 He promises us that in the fight for His cause whether we slay or are
slain we return to the garden of Paradise (9:111). In Paradise he will
"wed us with Houris (celestial virgins) pure beautiful ones" (56:54), and
unite us with large-eyed beautiful ones while we recline on our thrones
set in lines (56:20). There we are promised to eat and drink pleasantly
for what we did (56:19). He also promises "boys like hidden pearls"
(56:24) and "youth never altering in age like scattered pearls" (for
those who have paedophiliac inclinations) (76:19). As you see, Allah has
 promised all sorts or rewards, gluttony and unlimited sex to Muslim men
who kill unbelievers in his name. We will be admitted to Paradise where
we shall find "goodly things, beautiful ones, pure ones confined to the
pavilions that man has not touched them before nor jinni" (56:67-71).
 In the West we enjoy freedom of belief but we are not supposed to give
such freedom to anyone else because it is written: If anyone desires a
religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be
accepted of him; and in the Hereafter He will be in the ranks of those
who have lost (All spiritual good) (3:85). And He orders us to fight them
on until there is no more tumult and faith in Allah is practiced
everywhere (8:39).
 As for women the book of Allah says that they are inferior to men and
their husbands have the right to scourge them if they are found
disobedient (4:34). It advises to "take a green branch and beat your
wife", because a green branch is more flexible and hurts more.(38:44). It
teaches that women will go to hell if they are disobedient to their
husbands (66:10). It maintains that men have an advantage over the women
(2:228). It not only denies the women's equal right to their inheritance
(4:11-12), it also regards them as imbeciles and decrees that their
witness is not admissible in the courts of law (2:282). This means that a
woman who is raped cannot accuse her rapist unless she can produce a male
witness. Our Holy Prophet allows us to marry up to four wives and he
licensed us to sleep with our slave maids and as many 'captive' women as
we may have (4:3) even if those women are already married. He himself did
just that. This is why anytime a Muslim army subdues another nation, they
call them kafir and allow themselves to rape their women. Pakistani
soldiers allegedly raped up to 250,000 Bengali women in 1971 after they
massacred 3,000,000 unarmed civilians when their religious leader decreed
that Bangladeshis are un-Islamic. This is why the prison guards in
Islamic regime of Iran rape the women that in their opinion are apostates
prior to killing them, as they believe a virgin will not go to Hell.
Dear fellow Muslims: Is this the Islam you believe in? Is this your Most
Merciful, Most Compassionate Allah whom you worship daily? Could Allah
incite you to kill other peoples? Please understand that there is no
terrorist gene -but there could be a terrorist mindset. That mindset
finds its most fertile ground in the tenets of Islam. Denying it, and
presenting Islam to the lay public as a religion of peace similar to
Buddhism, is to suppress the truth. The history of Islam between the 7th
 and 14th centuries is riddled with violence, fratricide and wars of
aggression, starting right from the death of the Prophet and during the
so-called 'pure' or orthodox caliphate. And Muhammad himself hoisted the
 standard of killing, looting, massacres and bloodshed. How can we deny
the entire history? The behaviour of our Holy Prophet as recorded in
authentic Islamic sources is quite questionable from a modern viewpoint.
 The Prophet was a charismatic man but he had few virtues. Imitating him
in all aspects of life (following the Sunnah) is both impossible and
dangerous in the 21st century. Why are we so helplessly in denial over
this simple issue?
 When the Prophet was in Mecca and he was still not powerful enough he
called for tolerance. He said "To you be your religion, and to me my
religion" (109:6). This famous quote is often misused to prove that the
general principle of Qur'an is tolerance. He advised his follower to
speak good to their enemies (2: 83), exhorted them to be patient (20:103)
and said that there is no compulsion in religion (2:256). But that all
changed drastically when he came to power. Then killing and slaying
unbelievers with harshness and without mercy was justified in innumerable
verses. The verses quoted to prove Islam's tolerance ignore many other
verses that bear no trace of tolerance or forgiveness. Where is tolerance
in this well-known verse "Alarzu Lillah, Walhukmu Lillah." (The Earth
belongs to Allah and thus only Allah's rule should prevail all over the
 Is it normal that a book revealed by God should have so many serious
contradictions? The Prophet himself set the example of unleashing
violence by invading the Jewish settlements, breaking treaties he had
signed with them and banishing some of them after confiscating their
belongings, massacring others and taking their wives and children as
slaves. He inspected the youngsters and massacred all those who had pubic
hair along with the men. Those who were younger he kept as slaves. He
distributed the women captured in his raids among his soldiers keeping
the prettiest for himself (33:50). He made sexual advances on Safiyah, a
 Jewish girl on the same day he captured her town Kheibar and killed her
father, her husband and many of her relatives. Reyhana was another Jewish
girl of Bani Quriza whom he used as a sex slave after killing all her
male relatives. In the last ten years of his life he accumulated two
scores of wives, concubines and sex slaves including the 9 year old
Ayesha. These are not stories but records from authentic Islamic history
and the Hadiths. It can be argued that this kind of behaviour was not
unknown or unusual for the conquerors and leaders of the mediaeval world
but these are not the activities befitting of a peaceful saint and
certainly not someone who claimed to be the Mercy of God for all
creation. There were known assassinations of adversaries during the
Prophet's time, which he had knowledge of and had supported. Among them
there was a 120 year old man, Abu 'Afak whose only crime was to compose a
lyric satirical of the Prophet. (by Ibn Sa'd Kitab al Tabaqat al Kabir,
Volume 2, page 32) Then when a poetess, a mother of 5 small children
'Asma' Bint Marwan wrote a poetry cursing the Arabs for letting Muhammad
assassinate an old man, our Holy Prophet ordered her to be assassinated
too in the middle of the night while her youngest child was suckling from
her breast. (Sirat Rasul Allah (A. Guillaume's translation "The Life of
Muhammad") page 675, 676).
 The Prophet did develop a 'Robin Hood' image that justified raiding
merchant caravans attacking cities and towns, killing people and looting
their belongings in the name of social justice. Usama Bin Laden is also
trying to create the same image. But Robin Hood didn't claim to be a
prophet or a pacifist nor did he care for apologist arguments. He did not
massacre innocent people indiscriminately nor did he profit by reducing
free people to slaves and then trading them.
 With the known and documented violent legacy of Islam, how can we
suddenly rediscover it as a religion of peace in the free world in the
21st century? Isn't this the perpetuation of a lie by a few ambitious
leaders in order to gain political control of the huge and ignorant
Muslim population? They are creating a polished version of Islam by
completely ignoring history. They are propagating the same old dogma for
simple believing people in a crisp new modern package. Their aim: to gain
political power in today's high-tension world. They want to use the
confrontational power of the original Islam to catalyse new conflicts and
control new circles of power.
 Dear conscientious Muslims, please question yourselves. Isn't this
compulsive following of a man who lived 1400 years ago leading us to doom
in a changing world? Do the followers of any other religion follow one
man in such an all-encompassing way? Who are we deceiving, them or
ourselves? Dear brothers and sisters, see how our Umma (people) has sunk
into poverty and how it lags behind the rest of the world. Isn't it
because we are following a religion that is outdated and impractical? In
this crucial moment of history, when a great catastrophe has befallen us
and a much bigger one is lying ahead, should not we wake up from our 1400
years of slumber and see where things have gone wrong?
 -Hatred has filled the air and the world is bracing itself for its
doomsday. Should we not ask ourselves whether we have contributed,
wittingly or unwittingly, to this tragedy and whether we can stop the
great disaster from happening?
 Unfortunately the answer to the first question is yes. Yes we have
contributed to the rise of fundamentalism by merely claiming Islam is a
religion of peace, by simply being a Muslim and by saying our shahada
(testimony that Allah is the only God and Muhammad is his messenger). By
our shahada we have recognized Muhammad as a true messenger of God and
his book as the words of God. But as you saw above those words are
anything but from God. They call for killing, they are prescriptions for
hate and they foment intolerance. And when the ignorant among us read
those hate-laden verses, they act on them and the result is the infamous
September 11, human bombs in Israel, massacres in East Timor and
Bangladesh, kidnappings and killings in the Philippines, slavery in the
Sudan, honour killings in Pakistan and Jordan, torture in Iran, stoning
and maiming in Afghanistan and Iran, violence in Algeria, terrorism in
Palestine and misery and death in every Islamic country. We are
responsible because we endorse Islam and hail it as a religion of God.
And we are as guilty as those who put into practice what the Qur'an
preaches - and ironically we are the main victims too. If we are not
terrorists, if we love peace, if we cried with the rest of the word for
what happened in New York, then why are we supporting the Qur'an that
preaches killing, that advocates holy war, that calls for the murder of
non-Muslims? It is not the extremists who have misunderstood Islam. They
do literally what the Qur'an asks them to do. It is we who misunderstand
Islam. We are the ones who are confused. We are the ones who wrongly
assume that Islam is the religion of peace. Islam is not a religion of
peace. In its so-called "pure" form it can very well be interpreted as a
doctrine of hate. Terrorists are doing just that and we the intellectual
apologists of Islam are justifying it. We can stop this madness. Yes, we
can avert the disaster that is hovering over our heads. Yes, we can
denounce the doctrines that promote hate. Yes, we can embrace the rest of
humanity with love. Yes, we can become part of a united world, members of
one human family, flowers of one garden. We can dump the claim of
infallibility of our Book, and the questionable legacy of our Prophet.
 Dear friends, there is no time to waste. Let us put an end to this lie.
Let us not fool ourselves. Islam is not a religion of peace, of
tolerance, of equality or of unity of humankind. Let us read the Qur'an.
Let us face the truth even if it is painful. As long as we keep this lie
alive, as long as we hide our head in the sands of Arabia we are feeding
terrorism. As long as you and I keep calling Qur'an the unchangeable book
of God, we cannot blame those who follow the teachings therein. As long
as we pay our Khums and Zakat our money goes to promote Islamic
expansionism and that means terrorism, Jihad and war. Islam divides the
world in two. Darul Harb (land of war) and Darul Islam (land of Islam).
Darul Harb is the land of the infidels, Muslims are required to
infiltrate those lands, proselytise and procreate until their numbers
increase and then start the war and fight and kill the people and impose
the religion of Islam on them and convert that land into Darul Islam. In
all fairness we denounce this betrayal. This is abuse of the trust. How
can we make war in the countries that have sheltered us? How can we kill
those who have befriended us? Yet willingly or unwillingly we have become
pawns in this Islamic Imperialism. Let us see what great Islamic scholars
have had to say in this respect.
 Dr. M. Khan the translator of Sahih Bukhari and the Qur'an into English
wrote: "Allah revealed in Sura Bara'at (Repentance, IX) the order to
discard (all) obligations (covenants, etc), and commanded the Muslims to
fight against all the Pagans as well as against the people of the
Scriptures (Jews and Christians) if they do not embrace Islam, till they
pay the Jizia (a tax levied on the Jews and Christians) with willing
submission and feel themselves subdued (as it is revealed in 9:29). So
the Muslims were not permitted to abandon the fighting against them
(Pagans, Jews and Christians) and to reconcile with them and to suspend
hostilities against them for an unlimited period while they are strong
and have the ability to fight against them. So at first the fighting was
forbidden, then it was permitted, and after that it was made obligatory"
[Introduction to English translation of Sahih Bukhari, p.xxiv.]
 Dr. Sobhy as-Saleh, a contemporary Islamic academician quoted Imam Suyuti
the author of Itqan Fi 'Ulum al- Qur'an who wrote: "The command to fight
the infidels was delayed until the Muslims become strong, but when they
were weak they were commanded to endure and be patient". [ Sobhy
as_Saleh, Mabaheth Fi 'Ulum al- Qur'an, Dar al-'Ilm Lel-Malayeen, Beirut,
1983, p. 269.] Dr. Sobhy, in a footnote, commends the opinion of a
scholar named Zarkashi who said: "Allah the most high and wise revealed
to Mohammad in his weak condition what suited the situation, because of
his mercy to him and his followers. For if He gave them the command to
fight while they were weak it would have been embarrassing and most
difficult, but when the most high made Islam victorious He commanded him
with what suited the situation, that is asking the people of the Book to
become Muslims or to pay the levied tax, and the infidels to become
Muslims or face death. These two options, to fight or to have peace
return according to the strength or the weakness of the Muslims." [ibid
p. 270] Other Islamic scholars (Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi, Ga'far ar-Razi, Rabi' Ibn
'Ons, 'Abil-'Aliyah, Abd ar-Rahman Ibn Zayd Ibn 'Aslam, etc.) agree that
the verse "Slay the idolaters wherever you find them" (9:5) cancelled
those few earlier verses that called for tolerance in the Qur'an and were
revealed when Islam was weak. Can you still say that Islam is the
religion of peace? We propose a solution.
 We know too well that it is not easy to denounce our faith because it
means denouncing a part of ourselves. We are a group of freethinkers and
humanists with Islamic roots. Discovering the truth and leaving the
religion of our fathers and forefathers was a painful experience. But
after learning what Islam stands for we had no choice but to leave it.
After becoming familiar with the Qur'an the choice became clear: It is
either Islam or humanity. If Islam thrives, then humanity will die. We
decided to side with humanity. Culturally we are still Muslims but we no
longer believe in Islam as the true religion of God. We are humanists. We
love humanity. We work for the unity of humankind. We work for equality
between men and women. We strive for the secularisation of Islamic
countries, for democracy and freedom of thought, belief and expression.
We decided to live no longer in self-deception but to embrace humanity,
and to enter into the new millennium hand in hand with people of other
cultures and beliefs in amity and in peace.
We denounce the violence that is eulogized in the Qur'an as holy war
(Jihad). We condemn killing in the name of God. We believe in the
sanctity of human life, not in the inviolability of beliefs and
religions. We invite you to join us and the rest of humanity and become
part of the family of humankind - in love, camaraderie and peace.


Contradictions in the Koran: FROM THE WEB SITE ISIS

: het Instituut voor Secularisering van de Islamitische Maatschappij
e-mail: info@SecularIslam.org


Very often apologetics claim that, Islam is a religion of peace and there is no compulsion.

Yet, punishment of an apostate in Islam is, of course, death penalty.

No matter which translation of the Quran we read, the Quranic materials remain the same to us and every sentence is self-explanatory.

 It does not take a rocket scientist to comprehend the message Allah wanted to transmit for Arabs. Yet, bigoted Mullahs will always blame translators for Quranic contradictions/errors/inconsistencies etc. and will try to find lame excuses to cover up Allah’s ignorance.Comments:

The Holy Quran is full of inaccuracies, contradictions, inconsistencies, redundancies, a lack of chronologies or chapters, grammatical errors etc. One can find hundreds of contradictions/errors/inconsistencies in the Holy Quran and the above mentioned ayats are just selected samples from the Quran. But still it is a miracle to those who are blindfolded bigots.

  published in a web site of


 the Institute for the Secularisation

or Islamic society


: het Instituut voor Secularisering van de Islamitische Maatschappij


Very interesting!

The following was to be seen on Al Jazeera:

an interview with a courageous woman,

Wafa Sultan, psychologist in Los Angeles.

Go straight looking to it, because that program will possibly not have a long lifetime …  


Contradictions in the Koran: Free Will or Predestination?

The omnipotence of God is everywhere asserted in the Koran;

 man's will is totally subordinate to God's will to the extent that man cannot be said to have a will of his own.

Even those who disbelieve in Him, disbelieve because it is God who wills them to disbelieve.

This leads to the Muslim doctrine of predestination which prevails over the doctrine of man's free-will,

also to be found in the Koran. As Macdonald says, " the contradictory statements of the Kuran on free-will

and predestination show that Muhammad was an opportunist preacher and politician and not a systematic theologian."

"Taqdir, or the absolute decree of good and evil, is the sixth article of the Muhammadan creed,

and the orthodox believe that whatever has, or shall come to pass in this world, whether it be good or bad,

proceeds entirely from the Divine Will, and has been irrevocably fixed and recorded on a preserved tablet by the pen of fate." 

 Here are some quotes from the Koran illustrating this doctrine :

·        liv. 49 All things have been created after fixed decree

·        iii.139 No one can die except by God's permission according to the book that fixes the term of life.

·        lxxxvii.2 The Lord has created and balanced all things and has fixed their destinies and guided them

·        viii.17 God killed them, and those shafts were God's, not yours

·        ix. 51 By no means can anything befall us but what God has destined for us

·        xiii.30 All sovereignty is in the hands of God 

·        xiv.4 God misleads whom He will and whom He will He guides 

·        xviii.101 The infidels whose eyes were veiled from my warning and had no power to hear 

·        xxxii.32 If We had so willed, We could have given every soul its guidance, but now My Word is realised - 'I shall fill Hell with jinn and men together.'

·        xlv.26 Say unto them, O Muhammad: Allah gives life to to you, then causes you to die, then gathers you unto the day of resurrection...

·        lvii.22 No disaster occurs on earth or accident in yourselves which was not already recorded in the Book before we created them

But there are, inevitably, some passages from the Koran which seem to give man some kind of free-will :

·        lxxiv. 54 /55 Nay, it is surely a Reminder. So whovever pleases may mind it. 

·        lxxvi.3 We have truly shown him the way; he may be thankful or unthankful.

·        lxxvi.29 Surely this is a Reminder; so whoever will, let him take a way to his Lord.

·        xli.16 As to Thamud, We vouchsafed them also guidance, but to guidance did they prefer blindness

·        xviii.28 The truth is from your Lord : let him then who will, believe; and let him who will, be an unbeliever 

But as Wensinck, in his classic "The Muslim Creed", said, in Islam it is predestination that ultimately predominates. There is not a single tradition that advocates free-will, and we have the further evidence of John of Damascus, who "flourished in the middle of the eight century A.D, and who was well acquainted with Islam. According to him the difference regarding predestination and free-will is one of the chief points of divergence between Christianity and Islam."  It is evident that, towards the end of his life,  Muhammad's predestinarian position hardened; and "the earliest conscious Muslim attitude on the subject seems to have been of an uncompromising fatalism."


  published in a web site of " ISIS: the Institute for the Secularisation

of Islamic society 






"Islam is the only religion which preaches that those who practice religious violence"

will automatically enter heaven..

“Very often apologetics claim that Islam is a religion of peace and there is no compulsion.

Yet, punishment of an apostate in Islam is, of course, death penalty”.






Philosophic Community



What I try to say to this Muslim,

 (even if he denies all evident violence in his holy book,) is this:

 One does not clear someone’s consciousness,

nor brings order to someone’s thoughts

 by cutting off his head. 









Back to index page 




 Iris flower essence - Photo van Chapman


[Start] [Omhoog] [Isolda Hermes da Fonseca] [nature paintings of Myriam Vandenberghe and van Chapman] [portraits] [natural gardens by Myriam and Carl Vandenberghe] [Voice of eternal love-musical project] ISOLDA-Hermes da Fonseca